Welcome to Rome Across Europe!
Whether it was fighting in a civil war or fighting to expand/defend the Kingdom, Republic, or Empire, Rome rarely rested on its laurels. Previously we’ve brought you Rome: The Punic Wars – The First Punic War, Rome: The Punic Wars – The Second Punic War Begins, and Rome: The Punic Wars – The Second Punic War Rages On.
In Hispania, a young Roman commander, Publius Cornelius Scipio (later to be given the agnomen Africanus because of his feats during this war), eventually defeated the larger but divided Carthaginian forces under Hasdrubal and 2 other Carthaginian generals. Abandoning Hispania, Hasdrubal moved to bring his mercenary army into Italy to reinforce Hannibal, but never made it and was defeated by Roman forces near the Alps.
Carthage lost Hispania forever, and Rome firmly established her power there over large areas. Rome imposed a war indemnity of 10,000 talents (300 tonnes/660,000 pounds), limited the Carthaginian navy to 10 ships (to ward off pirates), and forbade Carthage from raising an army without Roman permission.
The Numidians took the opportunity to capture and plunder Carthaginian territory. Half a century later, when Carthage raised an army to defend itself from these incursions, Rome destroyed her in the Third Punic War (149–146 BC).
By her victory, Rome had taken a key step towards what ultimately became her domination of the Mediterranean world. But that wouldn’t be it for Rome.
Thanks for joining our adventure today. Be sure to stop by again soon to check out The Third Punic War, and other adventures we may have.
Till next time, Don’t Stop Rome-ing!