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The Ironbridge Gorge is a deep gorge, containing the River Severn in Shropshire, England. It was first formed by a glacial overflow from the long drained away Lake Lapworth, at the end of the last ice age.
The deep exposure of the rocks cut through by the gorge exposed commercial deposits of coal, iron ore, limestone and fireclay, which enabled the rapid economic development of the area during the early Industrial Revolution.
Originally called the Severn Gorge, the gorge now takes its name from its famous Iron Bridge, the first iron bridge of its kind in the world, and a monument to the industry that began there. The bridge was built in 1779 to link the industrial town of Broseley with the smaller mining town of Madeley and the growing industrial center of Coalbrookdale.
The Ironbridge Gorge World Heritage property covers an area of 550 ha and is located in Telford, Shropshire, approximately 31 mi north-west of Birmingham. The Industrial Revolution had its 18th Century roots in the Ironbridge Gorge and spread worldwide leading to some of the most far-reaching changes in human history.
The site incorporates a 3 mi length of the steep-sided, mineral-rich Severn Valley from a point immediately west of Ironbridge downstream to Coalport, together with 2 smaller river valleys extending northwards to Coalbrookdale and Madeley.
How This Relates to Rome:
The area around Telford was an early settlement in the area thought to be on the land that sloped up from the Weald Moors (an area north of the town center) towards the line along which the Roman Watling Street was built.
The greater area of Shropshire was listed in Ptolemy‘s 2nd Century Geography names one of their towns as being Viroconium Cornoviorum (Wroxeter), which became their capital under Roman rule and one of the largest settlements in Britain. After the Roman occupation of Britain ended in the 5th Century, the Shropshire area was in the eastern part of the Welsh Kingdom of Powys.
Thanks for taking the tour with us today. We hope you’re inspired to take further adventures within the Roman Empire.
Till next time, Don’t Stop Rome-ing!