Historic Centre of Florence

Welcome to Rome Across Europe!

It’s time to take a look at another UNESCO World Heritage Site.  Last week we were in Graecia as we visited the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae.

Today we’re headed home to the fatherland of Latium as we check out the Historic Centre of Florence!

Piazza del Duomo

Florence was built on the site of an Etruscan settlement and the later ancient Roman Colony (Colonia) of Florentia (founded in 59 BC). This Tuscan city became a symbol of the Renaissance during the early Medici period (between the 15th and the 16th Centuries), reaching extraordinary levels of economic and cultural development.

The present historic centre covers 1,249 acres and is bounded by the remains of the city’s 14th Century walls. These walls are represented by surviving gates, towers, and the 2 Medici strongholds: that of Saint John the Baptist in the north, popularly known as “da Basso”, and the Fort of San Giorgio del Belvedere located among the hills of the south side.

The Arno River runs east and west through the city and a series of bridges connects its 2 banks including Ponte Vecchio (Old Bridge) and Ponte Santa Trinita (Holy Trinity Bridge).


Seven hundred years of cultural and artistic blooming are tangible today in the 14th Century Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Church of Santa Croce, the Palazzo Vecchio (Old Palace), the Uffizi gallery, and the Palazzo Pitti (Pitti Palace). The city’s history is further evident in the artistic works of great masters such as Giotto, Brunelleschi, Botticelli and Michelangelo.

The Historic Centre of Florence can be perceived as a unique social and urban achievement, the result of persistent and long-lasting creativity, which includes museums, churches, buildings and artworks of immeasurable worth. Florence had an overwhelming influence on the development of architecture and the fine arts, beginning in Italy, and then in Europe.

It is within the context of Florence that the concept of the Renaissance came to be. This heritage bestows upon Florence unique historical and aesthetic qualities.

Thanks for stopping by. We hope you enjoyed today’s journey and look forward to having you back again soon.

Till next time, Don’t Stop Rome-ing!